James Larkin served as an activist in the Irish labor organization. He is the man that came up with the Irish Transport together and General Workers Union. He was born in Liverpool in England on January 21, 1876. Read more: James Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
The union he founded rose to become the largest in the region. The Durbin Lockout led to the breakdown of the ITGWU. It forced Larkin to shift to the United States in the year 1914 but would later be deported. As an unmoved Marxist, he continued with the labor organization.
James Larkin was brought up in the slums in Liverpool and got only a little formal education. He had to work hard in various casual jobs to cater for the family.
He finally rose to the position of the docks foreman. He was an influential socialist, and this propelled him to join the National Union of Dock Laborer because he believed that the laborers were not treated fairly. He then rose to be the full-time trade union organizer in 1905.
Larkin’s militant strike method came as a shock to the Laborers body and was relocated to Dubin. There he came up with the ITGWU. He formed this organization with the aim of bringing close all industrial workers regardless of whether educated or uneducated to form an organization.
He later came up with the Irish Labor Party that conducted a series of strikes. The famous of the strikes that lasted for almost eight months was the Dubin Lockout. More than 100000 workers went on a strike and finally won the right to fair employment.
When later the World War I, James Larkin was involved in conducting the demonstration against the war in Dubin. He was forced to move again to the United States to raise money to support the fight against Britain.
He was accused of criminal anarchy and communism in the year 1920 and was sentenced to imprisonment. He was later pardoned after three years but deported to Ireland. Still, he further went on to start the Workers Union of Ireland. The union was recognized by the Communist International in the year 1924.
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